A twelve-step program is a set of guiding principles outlining a course of action for recovery from addiction, compulsion, or other behavioral problems. Twelve Steps were first published in the 1939 book Alcoholics Anonymous: The Story of How More Than One Aa 12 steps and 12 traditions pdf download Men Have Recovered from Alcoholism. The method was adapted and became the foundation of other twelve-step programs.
Twelve-step methods have been adapted to address a wide range of alcoholism, substance-abuse and dependency problems. Over 200 self-help organizations—often known as fellowships—with a worldwide membership of millions—now employ twelve-step principles for recovery. Narcotics Anonymous was formed by addicts who did not relate to the specifics of alcohol dependency.
Demographic preferences related to the addicts’ drug of choice has led to the creation of Cocaine Anonymous, Crystal Meth Anonymous and Marijuana Anonymous. Gamblers Anonymous, Overeaters Anonymous, Sexaholics Anonymous and Debtors Anonymous.
Auxiliary groups such as Al-Anon and Nar-Anon, for friends and family members of alcoholics and addicts, respectively, are part of a response to treating addiction as a disease that is enabled by family systems. For more details on this topic, see History of Alcoholics Anonymous.
1935 by Bill Wilson and Dr. Robert Holbrook Smith, known to AA members as “Bill W. In 1946 they formally established the twelve traditions to help deal with the issues of how various groups could relate and function as membership grew.