Passive safety” and “ETSC” redirect here. For nuclear safety, see Passive nuclear safety. Crash testing is one of the components of automobile safety. Automobile safety is the study and practice of design, active safety systems pdf, equipment and regulation to minimize the occurrence and consequences of traffic collisions.
Road traffic safety more broadly includes roadway design. One of the first formal academic studies into improving vehicle safety was by Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory of Buffalo, New York.
The main conclusion of their extensive report is the crucial importance of seat belts and padded dashboards. However, the primary vector of traffic-related deaths and injuries is the disproportionate mass and velocity of an automobile compared to that of the predominant victim, the pedestrian. In the United States a pedestrian is injured by an automobile every 8 minutes, and are 1. 5 times more likely than a vehicle’s occupants to be killed in an automobile crash per outing.