This article is about a division of the United States Animal health management pdf of Agriculture. For agriculture extensions in general, see Agricultural extension. APHIS is the lead agency for collaboration with other agencies to protect U.
APHIS is the National Plant Protection Authority for the U. Chief Veterinary Officer of the United States. APHIS was created in 1972 by Secretary’s Memorandum No.
The origins of the agency predate creation of USDA, to 1854 when the Office of Entomologist, Agricultural Section, U. It was the first of three agencies that eventually were merged to form APHIS.
In 1881, a Cattle Commission was created in the Department of the Treasury that three years later was transferred to USDA. Plant quarantine functions followed in 1912 when USDA’s Federal Horticultural Board was created. Between the 1880s and 1930s these evolved into the USDA Bureaus of Entomology, of Animal Industry, and of Plant Quarantine, respectively. In 1953 the three bureaus were combined into the Agricultural Research Service.