Basic elements of landscape architectural design pdf download

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Please improve the article or discuss the issue. Visual design elements and principles describe fundamental ideas about the practice of visual design. The best designers sometimes disregard the principles of design.

When they do so, however, there is usually some compensating merit attained at the cost of the violation. Unless you are certain of doing as well, it is best to abide by the principles. Design elements are the basic units of any visual design which form its structure and convey visual messages.

Painter and design theorist Maitland E. Color star containing primary, secondary, and tertiary colors. Color can aid organization to develop a color strategy and stay consistent with those colors. It can give emphasis to create a hierarchy to the piece of art.

It is also important to note that color choices in design change meaning within cultural contexts. For example, white is associated with purity in some cultures while it is associated with death in others. Values, tints and shades of colors that are created by adding black to a color for a shade and white for a tint. Creating a tint or shade of color reduces the saturation.

Saturation gives a color brightness or dullness, and by doing this it makes the color more vibrant than before. The three primary hues which cannot be created by mixing are red, yellow and blue. In practice, however, a more practical set of “double primaries” is utilized to allow for creating more intense saturation of colors. One author recommending this double primary system of color mixing is Michael Wilcox in his book: BLUE AND YELLOW DON’T MAKE GREEN.

Line is an element of art defined by a point moving in space. It is probably the most fundamental of the elements of design as it is usually the starting place for much of artistic creation. Lines can be vertical, horizontal, diagonal, or curved.

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