The California Codes are 29 legal codes california labor code pdf by the California State Legislature, which together form the general statutory law of California. Unlike the United States Code or other U.
The official Codes are maintained by the California Legislative Counsel for the Legislature. The California Codes were highly influential in a number of other U. For example, on March 1, 1901, Puerto Rico enacted a Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure which were modeled after the California Penal Code, and on March 10, 1904, it enacted a Code of Civil Procedure modeled after the California Code of Civil Procedure.
Thus, California case law interpreting those codes was treated as persuasive authority in Puerto Rico. Eventually, after much of its content was superseded by the Rules of Civil Procedure and the Rules of Evidence, most of the Code of Civil Procedure of Puerto Rico was rendered obsolete and was therefore repealed. However, although the Penal Code of Puerto Rico underwent extensive recodification and renumbering in 1974, many of its sections still bear a strong resemblance to their California relatives. The Code of Guam, implemented in 1933 by Governor George A.
Alexander, was modeled after the California Codes. Thus, Guam courts look to California case law to assist them with interpretation of the Code of Guam.
In 1868, the California Legislature authorized the first of many ad hoc Code Commissions to begin the process of codifying California law. Statutes that did not fit these categories were simply left uncodified in the California Statutes. The four original California Codes were not drafted from scratch, but were mostly adapted by the Code Commission from codes prepared for the state of New York by the great law reformer David Dudley Field II. As a result of the Gold Rush, many New York lawyers had migrated to California, including Field’s brother, Stephen Johnson Field, who would ultimately serve as California’s fifth Chief Justice before being appointed to the U.
In turn, it was the California Practice Act that served as the foundation of the California Code of Civil Procedure. New York never enacted Field’s proposed civil or political codes, and belatedly enacted his proposed penal and criminal procedure codes only after California, but they were the basis of the codes enacted by California in 1872. As noted above, the initial four codes were not fully comprehensive. As a result, California statutory law became incredibly disorganized as uncodified statutes continued to pile up in the California Statutes.
After many years of on-and-off Code Commissions, the California Code Commission was finally established as a permanent government agency in 1929. In its first report, the Commission stated: “The California statutory law is in a deplorable condition . To staff the new permanent incarnation of the Code Commission, the state Legislature simply appointed the California Legislative Counsel as the secretary of the Commission.