Causes of aggression pdf

Verbal aggressiveness in communication has been studied to examine the underlying message of aggressive behavior and to gain control over occurrences. Verbal aggressiveness is thought to be mainly a destructive form of communication, but it can produce positive outcomes. Verbal aggressiveness consists of offset constructive types which can produce causes of aggression pdf in relationships and destructive types that have a negative impact on relationships.


These motivators of verbal aggressiveness contribute to an individual with a verbally aggressive personality trait. A negative correlation between 2D:4D and verbal aggressiveness was determined. Self-concept damage is the most fundamental effect, which can cause long lasting and more harmful results than the temporal effects. The more temporal and short term effects are: hurt feelings, anger, irritation, embarrassment, discouragement, humiliation, despair, and depression.

Verbal aggressiveness that harms an individual’s self-concept can follow an individual throughout their life. Verbal aggressiveness is also a major cause of violence. When verbal aggressiveness escalates, it often turns into physical violence. The constructive traits which produce satisfaction and increase relationship contentment by helping to increase understandings between the different positions are assertiveness and argumentativeness.

Assertiveness is often confused with aggressiveness, but assertive individuals often possess traits like dominance, independence, and competitiveness. Argumentative individuals focus on the topic rather than attacking an individual. Productive argumentativeness can produce positive outcomes in communication through challenging and defending standpoints through justification.

This allows for reasoning between individuals to resolve issue and terminate the disagreement. Argumentative encounters such as this have a positive correlation to relational satisfaction. The destructive traits, hostility and verbal aggressiveness, lead to dissatisfaction in communication and relationship deterioration.

Destructive verbal aggressiveness is used for revenge, teasing, and to manipulate others. Verbal aggressiveness is destructive and links to the hostility trait. Also, verbally aggressive individuals often do not provide as much evidence to support their standpoint.

In many cases these individuals possess verbally aggressive traits because they lack the skills to argue rationally and effectively, and therefore use verbally aggressive messages as their defense mechanism. Individuals with argumentative skill deficiency often see violence as their only alternative.

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