Beloved is a cry the beloved country pdf full book novel by the American writer Toni Morrison. African-American slave, Margaret Garner, who escaped slavery in Kentucky late January 1856 by fleeing to Ohio, a free state.
Morrison had come across the story “A Visit to the Slave Mother who Killed Her Child” in an 1856 newspaper article published in the American Advocate and reproduced in The Black Book, a miscellaneous compilation of black history and culture that Morrison edited in 1974. In the novel, the protagonist Sethe is also a slave who escapes slavery, running to Cincinnati, Ohio. After 28 days of freedom, a posse arrives to retrieve her and her children under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, which gave slave owners the right to pursue slaves across state borders.
Sethe kills her two-year-old daughter rather than allow her to be recaptured and taken back to Sweet Home, the Kentucky plantation from which Sethe recently fled. A woman presumed to be her daughter, called Beloved, returns years later to haunt Sethe’s home at 124 Bluestone Road, Cincinnati, Ohio.
The story opens with an introduction to the ghost: “124 was spiteful. Full of a baby’s venom. The novel won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1988 and was a finalist for the 1987 National Book Award.
It was adapted during 1998 into a movie of the same name starring Oprah Winfrey. A New York Times survey of writers and literary critics ranked it the best work of American fiction from 1981 to 2006.
The book’s dedication reads “Sixty Million and more”, referring to the Africans and their descendants who died as a result of the Atlantic slave trade. The book’s epigraph is Romans 9:25. The book is the story of Sethe and her daughter Denver after their escape from slavery.
Their home in Cincinnati is haunted by a revenant, whom they believe to be the ghost of Sethe’s daughter. Because of the haunting—which often involves objects being thrown around the room—Sethe’s youngest daughter Denver is shy, friendless, and housebound, and her sons, Howard and Buglar, have run away from home by the age of 13.
Baby Suggs, the mother of Sethe’s husband Halle, dies in her bed soon afterwards. Paul D, one of the slaves from Sweet Home—the plantation where Baby Suggs, Sethe, Halle, and several other slaves once worked—arrives at Sethe’s home and tries to bring a sense of reality into the house. In attempting to make the family forget the past, he forces out the spirit.
Denver out of the house for the first time in years. But on the way back, they encounter a young woman sitting in front of the house, calling herself Beloved. Paul D is suspicious and warns Sethe, but she is charmed by the young woman and ignores him.