It should be distinguished from church development, where a new service, new worship center or fresh expression is created that is integrated into an already established congregation. For a local church to be planted, it must eventually have a separate life effective church growth strategies pdf its own and be able to function without its parent body, even if it continues to stay in relationship denominationally or through being part of a network. Church planting has been happening for nearly twenty centuries.
The first place that the church spread from Judea was Samaria. Christianity spread to other areas because persecution forced the Christians to leave Jerusalem. Christianity then spread to the Gentiles largely because of the Apostle Paul, who had formerly been a Pharisee and a persecutor of the church.
In the Bible, the book of Acts describes Christianity as spreading by the preaching of it in public areas. It then describes the believers of Christianity as gathering together regularly in homes and, at least in the beginning, at the Temple in Jerusalem.
This period is known as the Apostolic Period. During this period, and up until the late second century, there is no record of church buildings.
Instead, there are references to house churches. Not much is known about how these house churches multiplied.