The engineering discipline of piping design studies the efficient transport of fluid. If necessary, pipes can be cleaned by the tube cleaning process. Piping sometimes refers to piping design, the detailed specification en 13480 3 pdf the physical piping layout within a process plant or commercial building.
Plumbing is a piping system with which most people are familiar, as it constitutes the form of fluid transportation that is used to provide potable water and fuels to their homes and businesses. Plumbing pipes also remove waste in the form of sewage, and allow venting of sewage gases to the outdoors.
Fire sprinkler systems also use piping, and may transport nonpotable or potable water, or other fire-suppression fluids. Piping also has many other industrial applications, which are crucial for moving raw and semi-processed fluids for refining into more useful products.
Some of the more exotic materials of construction are Inconel, titanium, chrome-moly and various other steel alloys. Process piping and power piping are typically checked by pipe stress engineers to verify that the routing, nozzle loads, hangers, and supports are properly placed and selected such that allowable pipe stress is not exceeded under different loads such as sustained loads, operating loads, pressure testing loads, etc.
ASME B31, EN 13480 or any other applicable codes and standards. In cryogenic pipe supports, most steel become more brittle as the temperature decreases from normal operating conditions, so it is necessary to know the temperature distribution for cryogenic conditions.