The term ICT is also used to refer to the convergence of audio-visual and telephone networks with english for information technology 2 pdf networks through a single cabling or link system. However, ICT has no universal definition, as “the concepts, methods and applications involved in ICT are constantly evolving on an almost daily basis. The broadness of ICT covers any product that will store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form, e.
For clarity, Zuppo provided an ICT hierarchy where all levels of the hierarchy “contain some degree of commonality in that they are related to technologies that facilitate the transfer of information and various types of electronically mediated communications”. Skills Framework for the Information Age is one of many models for describing and managing competencies for ICT professionals for the 21st century. The phrase “information and communication technologies” has been used by academic researchers since the 1980s, and the abbreviation ICT became popular after it was used in a report to the UK government by Dennis Stevenson in 1997, and in the revised National Curriculum for England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2000. But in 2012, the Royal Society recommended that ICT should no longer be used in British schools “as it has attracted too many negative connotations”, and with effect from 2014 the National Curriculum uses the word computing, which reflects the addition of computer programming into the curriculum.
Variations of the phrase have spread worldwide, with the United Nations creating a “United Nations Information and Communication Technologies Task Force” and an internal “Office of Information and Communications Technology”. 2002, putting a strain on IT budgets. The world’s technological capacity to store information grew from 2. 8 in 1993, over 54.
2007, and some 5 zettabytes in 2014. This is the informational equivalent to 1. 25 stacks of CD-ROM from the earth to the moon in 2007, and the equivalent of 4,500 stacks of printed books from the earth to the sun in 2014. 1986, 471 petabytes in 1993, 2.
2007, and some 100 exabytes in 2014. The world’s technological capacity to compute information with humanly guided general-purpose computers grew from 3. 8 MIPS in 1986, to 6. The following is a list of OECD countries by share of ICT sector in total value added in 2013.