In the United States, net neutrality has been an issue of contention among network users and access providers since the 1990s. In 2015 the FCC classified broadband as a Title II communication service fcc part 90 pdf providers being “common carriers”, not “information providers”.
Until 2015, there were no clear legal protections requiring net neutrality. Throughout 2005 and 2006, corporations supporting both sides of the issue zealously lobbied Congress.
Between 2005 and 2012, five attempts to pass bills in Congress containing net neutrality provisions failed. Each sought to prohibit Internet service providers from using various variable pricing models based upon the user’s Quality of Service level, described as tiered service in the industry and as price discrimination arising from abuse of “local monopolies enshrined in law” by some economists. ISPs to offer content providers a faster track to send content, thus reversing its earlier net neutrality position. In November 2014, President Barack Obama recommended that the FCC reclassify broadband Internet service as a telecommunications service.
In January 2015, Republicans presented an HR discussion draft bill that made concessions to net neutrality but prohibited the FCC from enacting any further regulation affecting ISPs. On February 26, 2015, the FCC ruled in favor of net neutrality by reclassifying broadband as a common carrier under Title II of the Communications Act of 1934 and Section 706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. On April 13, 2015, the FCC published the final rule on its new “Net Neutrality” regulations. These rules went into effect on June 12, 2015.