Global cement report 2016 pdf

Revenue of the cosmetic industry in the U. Global cement report 2016 pdf Industry in the U. Advertising spending in the U. Motorcycle Industry in the U.


Number of restaurants in the U. Average daily rate of hotels in the U. A paid subscription is required for full access. This statistic represents the price of Portland and masonry cement in the United States between 2007 and 2016.

In 2016, the cost of this construction material came to around 111 U. The discovery of cement can be credited to ancient Roman times, where a mixture of volcanic ash and lime were used to form mortar. In construction today, cement can be characterized as hydraulic or nonhydraulic, based on its ability or inability, respectively, to set under wet conditions or underwater. Through a chemical reaction between the dry cement ingredients and water, hydraulic cements become adhesive and thus also protect the hardened material from chemical attack.

In 2016, the United States imported 12 million metric tons of hydraulic cement for consumption. One of the most common types of hydraulic cement is known as Portland cement. It is used in concrete, mortar, stucco, as well as grout. However, this type of cement can cause chemical burns, while the powder can cause irritation and even lung cancer.

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