It was the first of the IITs to be established, and is recognized as an Institute of National Importance by the Government of India. As part of Nehru’s dream for a free self-sufficient Iit jam study material pdf, the institute was established to train scientists and engineers after India attained independence in 1947. It shares its organisational structure and undergraduate admission process with sister IITs.
IIT Kharagpur has a 8. The students and alumni of IIT Kharagpur are informally referred to as KGPians. Indian educationalists Humayun Kabir and Jogendra Singh formed a committee in 1946 to consider the creation of higher technical institutions “for post-war industrial development of India”.
This was followed by the creation of a 22-member committee headed by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar. Champaign along with affiliated secondary institutions. The report urged that work should start with the speedy establishment of major institutions in the four-quarters of the country with the ones in the east and the west to be set up immediately.
The first Indian Institute of Technology was thus established in May 1950 as the Eastern Higher Technical Institute. It was located in Esplanade East, Calcutta, and in September 1950 shifted to its permanent campus at Hijli, Kharagpur 120 kilometres south-west of Calcutta. Hijli had been used as a detention camp during the British colonial rule in India, to keep Indian freedom fighters captive. When the first session started in August 1951, there were 224 students and 42 teachers in the ten departments of the institute.