The system of Japanese japanese from zero 2 pdf download is the system of number names used in the Japanese language. The Japanese numerals in writing are entirely based on the Chinese numerals and the grouping of large numbers follow the Chinese tradition of grouping by 10,000.
The Hindu-Arabic numerals are more often used in horizontal writing, and the Chinese numerals are more common in vertical writing. Japanese version is preferred for both. Numerals with multiple On readings use the Go-on and Kan-on variants respectively. It may be optionally used when reading individual digits of a number one after another, instead of as a full number.
It can also be read as ‘ten-nine’ – pronounced tō-kyū – which is a pun on the name of the Tokyu department store which owns the building. This usage of maru for numerical 0 is similar to reading numeral 0 in English as oh. It literally means a circle.
And, if 千 sen directly precedes the name of powers of myriad, 一 ichi is normally attached before 千 sen, which yields 一千 issen. That is, 10,000,000 is normally read as 一千万 issenman.
But if 千 sen does not directly precede the name of powers of myriad or if numbers are lower than 2,000, attaching 一 ichi is optional. That is, 15,000,000 is read as 千五百万 sengohyakuman or 一千五百万 issengohyakuman, and 1,500 as 千五百 sengohyaku or 一千五百 issengohyaku. The number 13 is sometimes considered unlucky, though this is a carryover from Western tradition.
On the contrary, numbers 7 and sometimes 8 are considered lucky in Japanese. In modern Japanese, cardinal numbers are given the on readings except 4 and 7, which are called yon and nana respectively. Alternate readings are used in month names, day-of-month names, and fixed phrases. For instance, the decimal fraction 4.
Variations include i for 50 and the suffix -ji for 20 through 90. However, for the most part, these are not in use in modern Japanese. This also applies to multiples of 10. Change ending -jū to -jutchō or -jukkei.