List of slangs in english pdf

Slang refers to words, phrases and uses that are regarded as very informal and often restricted list of slangs in english pdf special context or peculiar to a specified profession class and the like. Slang words are used in specific social groups, like teenagers, which they use oftentimes in their conversations.


By the early nineteenth century, it was no longer exclusively associated with disreputable people, but continued to be applied to language use below the level of standard educated speech. The origin of the word is uncertain, although it appears to be connected with thieves’ cant. Oxford English Dictionary based on “date and early associations”. Jonathan Green however agrees with the possibility of a Scandinavian origin, suggesting the same root as that of sling, which means “to throw”, and noting that slang is a thrown language – a quick, honest way to make your point.

Few linguists have endeavored to clearly define what constitutes slang. However, what is known is that slang is a linguistic phenomenon ever present and consistently changing among every subculture worldwide. Some suggest that the reason slang exists is because we must come up with new ways of defining new experiences that have surfaced with time and modernity. Attempting to remedy the lack of a clear definition, however, Bethany K.

Its use implies that the user is familiar with whatever is referred to, or with a group of people who are familiar with it and use the term. It’s a taboo term in ordinary discourse with people of a higher social status or greater responsibility.

It replaces “a well-known conventional synonym. This is done primarily to avoid discomfort caused by the conventional synonym or discomfort or annoyance caused by having to elaborate further. Michael Adams remarks that, ” is liminal language it is often impossible to tell, even in context, which interests and motives it serves slang is on the edge.

Slang dictionaries, collecting thousands of slang entries, offer a broad, empirical window into the motivating forces behind slang”. While many forms of language may be considered “sub-standard”, slang remains distinct from colloquial and jargon terms because of its specific social contexts. While considered inappropriate in formal writing, colloquial terms are typically considered acceptable in speech across a wide range of contexts, while slang tends to be considered unacceptable in many contexts. Jargon refers to language used by personnel in a particular field, or language used to represent specific terms within a field to those with a particular interest.

On the other hand, slang tends to emphasize social and contextual understanding. While colloquialisms and jargon may seem like slang because they reference a particular group, they do not fit the same definition, because they do not represent a particular effort to replace standard language. Colloquialisms are considered more standard than slang, and jargon is often created to talk about aspects of a particular field that are not accounted for in the standard lexicon. It is often difficult to differentiate slang from colloquialisms and even more standard language, because slang generally becomes accepted into the standard lexicon over time.

Words such as “spurious” and “strenuous” were once slang, though they are now accepted as standard, even high register words. The literature on slang even discusses mainstream acknowledgment of a slang term as changing its status as true slang, because it has been accepted by the media and is thus no longer the special insider speech of a particular group.

Oxford English Dictionary, which some scholars claim changes its status as slang. This section may contain indiscriminate, excessive, or irrelevant examples.

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