San Andrés is a Colombian coral island in the Caribbean Sea. Historically tied to the United Kingdom, lonely planet caribbean islands pdf free politically part of Colombia, San Andrés and the nearby islands of Providencia and Santa Catalina form the department of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina.
San Andrés, in the southern group of islands, is the largest of the department. The official languages of the department are Creole, Spanish, and English. The purpose of this declaration is to ensure that the ecosystem, which is rich in biodiversity, is well preserved and conserved. The department’s capital is located on the northern end of the island.
Named San Andrés but nicknamed El Centro, it is the department’s main urban center. Also of note are La Loma, the town of San Andrés, the Baptist Church, Seaquarium, the large pond of La Laguna, and a freshwater lake amidst mangrove forests.
Surrounded by the warm Caribbean Sea, all of these features have made the island an “exotic holiday destination”. The history of both San Andrés and Providence is replete with adventures of pirates, their invasions and occupation of the islands. The first appearance of San Andrés on Spanish maps was in 1527.
The Dutch are reported to have come to these islands at the end of the 16th century and British settlers arrived there in 1628. It is also mentioned that Columbus discovered these islands during his fourth exploration voyage. Barbados and also from England. Between 1627 and 1629 they came to settle in the salubrious climate and take advantage of the fertile land of the islands.