Top: Basilica of Notre-Dame de Fourvière, Place des Terreaux with Fontaine Bartholdi and Lyon City Hall at night. Centre: Parc de la Tête d’Or, Confluence district and the Lyon travel guide pdf Lyon.
Bottom: Pont Lafayette, Part-Dieu district with the Place Bellecour in foreground during Festival of Lights. Motto: Avant, avant, Lion le melhor.
Inhabitants of the city are called Lyonnais. Lyon had a population of 506,615 in 2014. It is the capital of the Metropolis of Lyon and the region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.
The metropolitan area of Lyon had a population of 2,265,375 in 2014, the second-largest in France after Paris’. Lyon was historically an important area for the production and weaving of silk. Lyon played a significant role in the history of cinema: it is where Auguste and Louis Lumière invented the cinematographe. It is also known for its light festival, the Fête des Lumières, which begins every 8 December and lasts for four days, earning Lyon the title of Capital of Lights.
Economically, Lyon is a major centre for banking, as well as for the chemical, pharmaceutical, and biotech industries. The city contains a significant software industry with a particular focus on video games, and in recent years has fostered a growing local start-up sector. Lyon hosts the international headquarters of Interpol, Euronews, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer.