This article has an unclear citation style. The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent style of citation, footnoting, or external linking. Constructivism is a philosophical viewpoint about the nature music theory in practice grade 2 answers pdf knowledge.
Specifically, it represents an ontological stance. There are many “flavors” of constructivism, but one prominent theorist known for his constructivist views is Jean Piaget, who focused on how humans make meaning in relation to the interaction between their experiences and their ideas.
He considered himself to be a genetic epistemologist, which means he was interested in the genesis of knowledge. His views tended to focus on human development in relation to what is occurring with an individual as opposed to development that is influenced by other humans . Newman, Griffin and Cole, and Barbara Rogoff.
The concept of constructivism has influenced a number of disciplines, including psychology, sociology, education and the history of science. During its infancy, constructivism examined the interaction between human experiences and their reflexes or behavior-patterns. Jean Piaget called these systems of knowledge schemes. Schemes are not to be confused with “schema,” a term that comes from schema theory, which is from information-processing perspectives on human cognition.
Constructivism does not refer to a specific pedagogy, although it is often confused with constructionism, an educational theory developed by Seymour Papert, inspired by constructivist and experiential learning ideas of Piaget. Piaget’s theory of constructivist learning has had wide-ranging impact on learning theories and teaching methods in education, and is an underlying theme of many education reform movements.
Research support for constructivist teaching techniques has been mixed, with some research supporting these techniques and other research contradicting those results. Today, constructivist theories are influential throughout the formal and informal learning sectors. In museum education, constructivist theories inform exhibit design. One good example of constructivist learning in a non-formal setting is the Investigate Centre at The Natural History Museum, London.
Here visitors are encouraged to explore a collection of real natural history specimens, to practice some scientific skills and make discoveries for themselves. For more detailed information on the philosophy of the construction of human knowledge, see constructivist epistemology. The formalization of constructivism from a within-the-human perspective is generally attributed to Jean Piaget, who articulated mechanisms by which information from the environment and ideas from the individual interact and result in internalized structures developed by learners.