For history of Korea before its division, see History of Korea. The history of North Korea began with the partition of North korea history pdf at the end of World War II in 1945.
The surrender of Japan led to the division of Korea into two occupation zones, with the United States administering the southern half of the peninsula and the Soviet Union administering the area north of the 38th parallel. The Soviets and Americans were unable to agree on the implementation of Joint Trusteeship over Korea. In 1950 the Korean War broke out. After much destruction, the war ended with the status quo being restored, as neither the DPRK nor the ROK had succeeded in conquering the other’s portion of the original Korea.
The peninsula was divided by the Korean Demilitarized Zone and the two separate governments stabilized into the existing political entities of South and North Korea. Tension between the two sides continued.
Kim Il-sung remained in power until his death in 1994. However, with natural disasters and the collapse of the Soviet Bloc in 1991, North Korea went into a severe economic crisis.