The potato is a starchy, tuberous crop from the perennial nightshade Solanum tuberosum. The word “potato” may refer either to the plant itself or to the edible tuber. In potato cold storage project report pdf Andes, where the species is indigenous, some other closely related species are cultivated.
Potatoes were introduced to Europe in the second half of the 16th century by the Spanish. Potato has become a staple food in many parts of the world and an integral part of much of the world’s food supply.
It is the world’s fourth-largest food crop, following maize, wheat, and rice. The green leaves and green skins of tubers exposed to the light are toxic. Wild potato species can be found throughout the Americas from the United States to southern Chile. Following millennia of selective breeding, there are now over a thousand different types of potatoes.
Chile, which have displaced formerly popular varieties from the Andes. However, the local importance of the potato is variable and changing rapidly. The 16th-century English herbalist John Gerard used the terms “bastard potatoes” and “Virginia potatoes” for this species, and referred to sweet potatoes as “common potatoes”. Potatoes are occasionally referred to as “Irish potatoes” or “white potatoes” in the United States, to distinguish them from sweet potatoes.
Spanish “espada”, English “spade” and “spadroon”. It subsequently transferred over to a variety of digging tools. Around 1845, the name transferred to the tuber itself. It was Mario Pei’s 1949 The Story of Language that can be blamed for the word’s false origin.