Programs supporting regular vaccination of dogs have contributed both to the health of dogs and to the public puppy shot schedule pdf. In countries where routine rabies vaccination of dogs is practiced, for example, rabies in humans is reduced to a very rare event. Currently, there are geographically defined core vaccines and individually chosen non-core vaccine recommendations for dogs.
In 2010 and 2011, revised guidelines addressed concerns about adverse vaccine reactions by altering the recommended frequency, type, methods, and locations for administration of core and non-core canine vaccines. Most vaccination protocols recommend a series of vaccines for puppies, with vaccine boosters given at one year of age.
Because these factors may change over time, many professional organizations recommend routine annual examinations, where a vaccination plan for each individual canine can be decided during a discussion between the veterinarian and dog owner. Many recent protocols indicate that vaccines should be given in specific areas in order to: ease identification of which vaccine caused an adverse reaction, and ease removal of any vaccine-associated sarcoma.
Although these protocols were initially designed for cats, some similar protocols are likely to be developed for canines, as well. In North America, vets adopted the practice of injecting specific limbs as far from the body as possible, for example the rear right for rabies. Core vaccines are defined as those vaccines which ALL dogs, regardless of circumstances, should receive. Core vaccines protect animals from severe, life-threatening diseases which have global distribution.
North American recommendation still includes rabies in the core vaccines. However, the 2010 international VGG recommendation generally considers the rabies vaccine a non-core vaccine, except in areas where the disease is endemic or where required by law. Non-core vaccines are those that are required by only those animals whose geographical location, local environment or lifestyle places them at risk of contracting specific infections.
Except in areas where the disease is endemic or where required by law, the VGG considers the rabies vaccine as non-core. Both of the most recent vaccine protocols no longer consider canine parainfluenza to be a core vaccine and have moved CPiV into the non-core category.
Vaccination against Lyme disease, an illness that is spread via deer ticks, is also indicated in certain environments where deer ticks frequently occur. Lyme disease is known to cause lethargy, fever, soreness, and in cases gone untreated, damage to joints, paralysis, and nerve damage. Leptospirosis, a disease characterized by weakness, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, and kidney and liver failure. Leptospirosis comes from standing water containing urine from animals infected with leptospira, and the disease can be transmitted to humans via contaminated water or food.