This article is about the science of studying social groups. For the integrated field of study intended to promote civic competence, see Social studies. For the social science textbook pdf-political-economic theory first pioneered by Karl Marx, see Scientific socialism. Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.
It in turn has many branches, each of which is considered a social science. The social sciences include, but are not limited to, economics, political science, human geography, demography, management, psychology, sociology, anthropology, archaeology, jurisprudence, history, and linguistics. The term is also sometimes used to refer specifically to the field of sociology, the original ‘science of society’, established in the 19th century.
A more detailed list of sub-disciplines within the social sciences can be found at Outline of social science. Positivist social scientists use methods resembling those of the natural sciences as tools for understanding society, and so define science in its stricter modern sense.