A brewery or brewing company is a business that makes and sells beer. The place at which beer is commercially made is either called a brewery or a beerhouse, where distinct sets of brewing equipment are called plant. Mesopotamia, brewers derived social sanction and divine protection from the goddess Ninkasi. The diversity of size in breweries is the chemistry of beer the science in the suds pdf by the diversity of processes, degrees of automation, and kinds of beer produced in breweries.
A brewery is typically divided into distinct sections, with each section reserved for one part of the brewing process. The Alulu beer receipt records a purchase of “best” beer from an ancient Sumerian brewery, c. In some form, it can be traced back almost 5000 years to Mesopotamian writings describing daily rations of beer and bread to workers. Before the rise of production breweries, the production of beer took place at home and was the domain of women, as baking and brewing were seen as “women’s work”.
Breweries, as production facilities reserved for making beer, did not emerge until monasteries and other Christian institutions started producing beer not only for their own consumption but also to use as payment. This industrialization of brewing shifted the responsibility of making beer to men. The oldest, still functional, brewery in the world is believed to be the German state-owned Weihenstephan brewery in the city of Freising, Bavaria.