It has been broadly defined as the “psychological forces that determine the direction of a person’s behavior in an organization, a person’s level of effort and a person’s level of persistence”. Motivation can be thought of as the willingness to expend energy to achieve a goal or a reward. Motivated employees are essential to the success of an organization theories of motivation in management pdf motivated employees are generally more productive at the work place. Motivation is the impulse that an individual has in a job or activity to reaching an end goal.
There are multiple theories of how best to motive workers, but all agree that a well-motivated work force means a more productive work force. Fredrick Winslow Taylor was one of the first theorist to attempt to understand employee motivation. His theory of scientific management, also referred to as Taylorism, analyzes the productivity of the workforce.
Taylor’s basic theory of motivation, is that workers are motivated by money. Taylor’s theory developed in the late 1890’s and can still be seen today in industrial engineering and manufacturing industries.