This article is about manufacturing robots. For mining types of industrial hazards pdf, see Automated mining.
Articulated industrial robot operating in a foundry. An industrial robot is a robot system used for manufacturing. Industrial robots are automated, programmable and capable of movement on two or more axes.
They can help in material handling and provide interfaces. In the year 2015, an estimated 1.
A set of six-axis robots used for welding. These actions are determined by programmed routines that specify the direction, acceleration, velocity, deceleration, and distance of a series of coordinated motions. Other robots are much more flexible as to the orientation of the object on which they are operating or even the task that has to be performed on the object itself, which the robot may even need to identify. For example, for more precise guidance, robots often contain machine vision sub-systems acting as their visual sensors, linked to powerful computers or controllers.
Artificial intelligence, or what passes for it, is becoming an increasingly important factor in the modern industrial robot. The earliest known industrial robot, conforming to the ISO definition was completed by “Bill” Griffith P. Taylor in 1937 and published in Meccano Magazine, March 1938. The crane-like device was built almost entirely using Meccano parts, and powered by a single electric motor.