Business valuation is a process and a set of procedures venture capital valuation case studies and methodology pdf to estimate the economic value of an owner’s interest in a business. Valuation is used by financial market participants to determine the price they are willing to pay or receive to affect a sale of a business.
In addition to estimating the selling price of a business, the same valuation tools are often used by business appraisers to resolve disputes related to estate and gift taxation, divorce litigation, allocate business purchase price among business assets, establish a formula for estimating the value of partners’ ownership interest for buy-sell agreements, and many other business and legal purposes such as in shareholders deadlock, divorce litigation and estate contest. In some cases, the court would appoint a forensic accountant as the joint expert doing the business valuation. Before the value of a business can be measured, the valuation assignment must specify the reason for and circumstances surrounding the business valuation. These are formally known as the business value standard and premise of value.
The standard of value is the hypothetical conditions under which the business will be valued. Note that the effect of synergy is included in valuation under the investment standard of value. Value in continued use as an ongoing operating business enterprise.
If the asset would provide maximum value to the market participants principally through its use in combination with other assets as a group. If the asset would provide maximum value to the market participants principally on a stand-alone basis.
Business valuation results can vary considerably depending upon the choice of both the standard and premise of value. In an actual business sale, it would be expected that the buyer and seller, each with an incentive to achieve an optimal outcome, would determine the fair market value of a business asset that would compete in the market for such an acquisition. If the synergies are specific to the company being valued, they may not be considered.
Fair value also does not incorporate discounts for lack of control or marketability. Note, however, that it is possible to achieve the fair market value for a business asset that is being liquidated in its secondary market. This underscores the difference between the standard and premise of value. These assumptions might not, and probably do not, reflect the actual conditions of the market in which the subject business might be sold.
However, these conditions are assumed because they yield a uniform standard of value, after applying generally accepted valuation techniques, which allows meaningful comparison between businesses which are similarly situated. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article, discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. A business valuation report generally begins with a summary of the purpose and scope of business appraisal as well as its date and stated audience.